Clergy Sexual Abuse and Clericalism

Recommended Readings

Roman Catholic Sexual Abuse and Clericalism Crises,

United States of America, 1985 – 2012

Williams, Arizona © 2012, Ruth E. Krall


When we look at any one specific form of violence, it appears to have many similarities to a living tree. Studying a tree’s branches teaches the researcher or student something about the tree’s essential nature. Distinct in shape and form, each branch has a recognizable and unique living signature or structure in that no branch is exactly like another. Yet each branch clearly reflects the specific kind of tree it is. A juniper branch will not be mistaken for an oak branch. Neither will look like an apple tree branch.

While unique in shape and form, no branch lives in complete isolation from all of the other branches. While shaped in a variety of ways, each tree’s branches are related to each other. Each reveals the kind of tree it is. A palm tree will not be mistaken for a lemon tree. While both are evergreen trees, the branches of a juniper tree, for example, do not mimic or replicate exactly the branches of a ponderosa pine. Both evergreen trees, they have unique dimensions that identify them as a particular species of tree. Every tree’s essential “tree-ness” is clearly visible to every onlooker. Trees of various kinds share characteristics of “being a tree.” We know that roots, trunks and branches constitute a living entity we name a tree.

Every tree’s roots, though hidden deep out of sight under earth’s visible surface, support the tree’s trunk and branches. For the tree to survive in time and space, roots and branches both need to support and nourish each other.

As observers of trees we can recognize similarities and differences. Very few people, if any, would call a petunia or a wild strawberry a tree – even though they too shares many features of plant life with trees: roots, stems and leaves.

In general, with healthy trees, removal of one branch does not kill the tree. For the tree to die its complex living system of roots, trunk, and branches must be destroyed.

Maui, Hawaii © 2012, Ruth E. Krall

The Affinity Sexual Abuse Tree

The affinity sexual abuse tree – as a whole – forms a complex living social organism. In the twenty-first century, it has many different branches. Each branch has its own unique configuration or appearance. That said, each branch has much in common with every other branch. Each branch represents one aspect or manifestation of the whole. In order to continue to thrive, therefore, each branch must be connected to the living whole. Every branch of the affinity sexual violence tree, I have come to believe, has a common root system.

That root system consists of the ideologies of domination and corrupted practices of authority, power, and control. It consists of the demand for one individual or group of less powerful human beings to automatically obey and to service the sex and control needs or drives of another more powerful individual or group of human beings.

During the process of studying any particular form of affinity violence, for example, clergy rape of children, its unique “genetic” structurei begins to become visible. Because singular or unique manifestations of affinity or acquaintance sexual violations are related to all other forms, we can learn about the sexual abuse tree by studying any one of its branches.

In addition, by studying the manifestations of any particular form of affinity sexual violence, we can make informed inferences about its ideological taproots.ii When we do such an examination, what we find is a correlation with other forms of sexual transgression and violation. Rape of small children, for example, has a correlating ideological relationship to child pornography. A culture’s widely accepted presence of pornographic imagery and textsiii sets in motion certain belief structures about children, their sexuality and adult forms of sexual control behaviors. The sexual objectification of children (or any other specific group) as a prolonged and intense focus or stimulus for adult sexual desire is present in both the pornographic icon and the act of sexual abuse.

In a similar manner, there is an ideological relationship – however obscure – between the rape of pre-pubertal children and the rape of post-pubertal adolescents. There is also a correlational relationship to the rape of adult women and men. The rape branches of the sexual violence tree, therefore, have one complex and multi-faceted ideological root system. They are correlated with many other forms of sexual abuse and violence yet they also have a unique configuration – a particular shape and form.

One of the overarching components of each unique and singular event of rape is a rapist’s embodied or incarnated desire to dominate and to control his victims. Another component is his inability to feel empathy for the suffering he inflicts on his victims. A third component may be an inchoate obsessive desire or intensely compulsive and focused need to actively disempower his victims. A final component which is present in many situations is the rapist’s anger or rage. By making his victim(s) a tool of his own needs and desires the sexual abuse perpetrator dehumanizes them – and himself. A final component, often visible after the fact, is the rape perpetrator’s belief that in the aftermath of the sexual violence act he is the victim of his victim.

Deeply interpenetrated social structures of belief and attitudes form the invisible socio-cultural or even socio-religious root system which supports an individual’s specific acts of acquaintance sexual violence. While there may be idiosyncratic elements present within any specific action of sexual abuse or gender harassment, these singular and idiosyncratic elements co-exist with or even depend upon a powerful cultural belief system of interpenetrated ideologies. These ideologies pertain to authority and control. One such belief can be stated simply: children, adolescents, and non-dominant adults of both genders are expected to obey, without question, other more powerful adults.iv Refusing to spontaneously obey, they can be, indeed, should be coerced.


In a like manner, the taproot of an institutionally protective environment for sexual abusers and gender harassers also consists of mistaken ideas about the proper use of institutional authority and power. In abusive situations, power and authority relationships exist to protect the powerful few rather than to serve the whole. Thus, these kinds of institutional abuses are, in their essence, authority and power abuses. Abusive institutional and managerial behavior by those in positions of power and control are one symptom of authoritarianism. A refusal to practice transparent and visibly accessible management practices is another symptom of leader and system authoritarianism. Managerial abuses form, therefore, a systemic obedience disorder which usually spreads throughout the institution. Obedience demands for the sake of obedience permeate the milieu. Leader demanded loyalty is expressed by unquestioning obedience rather than by a well-reasoned commitment to shared goals and desired outcomes.

The act of sexual violence and the act of managerial malfeasance in dealing with sexual abusers and gender harassers are, therefore, structural holograms composed, in part at least, of the need to dominate, control, and use others for one’s own purposes. The emotional component of both holograms is an absence of empathy and compassion or what we might call an ethic of care. The other’s welfare and the common social good of the whole are ignored or actively denied in the service of corrupted authority and power.

There are other components to the root system. These include faulty understandings of human sexuality across life’s developmental stages. These include faulty understandings of children’s and adolescent’s developmental needs. They can include realities such as narcissistic character disorders or sociopathic personality disorders as the organizing principle or structure of the victimizer’s personality. For ordained clergy, they can include an immature spiritual formation process and a fixated personal process of emotional and psychological development.

Fundamentally, however, when all is stripped away, what we find are human disorders in the social structures of obedience, authority and power. Teaching the weak to question or to disobey authority is usually taboo among those who are engaged in practices of corrupted power and domination. This is true in the individual predator-victim relationship. It is equally true in the corrupted institution-victim relationship. One cannot simultaneously seek total control and educate others for mature freedom, personal accountability, and collective responsibility for the common good.

As students and scholars begin, culturally, to examine a social issue such as the sexual abuse of children and adolescents by clergy or other religious professionals, it is helpful to have an overview of the tree branches which are visible. During the past five years, as I studied the dual and deeply tangled Roman Catholic scandals of clergy sexual abuse and the complex forms of institutional malfeasance known as religious institution clericalism I have found the following authors to provide a diversity of disciplinary lens, approaches and opinions.

In their disciplinary diversity and in their common faith tradition each of the following authors has made a contribution to my understanding of the complex socio-religious issues – roots of the robustly living tree of affinity sexual abuse of children and adolescents by clergy and other religious professionals.

For nearly thirty years Roman Catholic scholars have been engaged in attempts to (1) document and (2) to understand the related issues of clerical sexual abuse of the laity and institutional forms of supervisory malfeasance or clericalism. They have, therefore, brought two living branches of the affinity sexual violence tree into focus: (1) acts of affinity sexual violence done by ordained clergy and religious leaders and (2) acts of commission or omission done by institutional managers and personnel supervisors when confronted by accusations of sexual abuse and harassment.

By providing a small sample of contemporary Catholic written resources on the topic of clerical sexual abuse of children and adultsv I hope that the following list of authors can open a lighted pathway into and through the enchanted forest of sexual abuse studies so that younger scholars and researchers will commit themselves to research and advocacy regarding these critical clinical, theological, ethical, legal, religious and spiritual disorders.

I have organized the list alphabetically – with a few exceptions.


Benkert and Doyle

Benkert, M. and Doyle, T. P. (2009). Clericalism, Religious Duress and its Psychological Impact on Victims of Clergy Sexual Abuse. Journal of Pastoral Psychology (58), 221-238.

  • Benkert is a psychiatrist and Doyle is an ordained priest, a Dominican, a Roman Catholic canon lawyer and an addictions specialist


Berg, A. (2006). Deliver Us From Evil: Innocence and Faith Betrayed. Disarming Films/Lionsgate (see

  • Berg is a documentary filmmaker. This documentary focuses on the decisions regarding pedophile priest Oliver O’Grady made by Cardinal Mahoney inside the Los Angeles diocese of the American Roman Catholic Church.


Bergquist, P. (2010). The Long Dark Winter’s Night: Reflections of a priest in a time of pain and privilege. Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press.

  • Bergquist is a parish priest in Alaska. He reflects upon his denomination’s sex abuse scandals in light of his vocation in parish ministry. He reflects upon and applies Elisabeth Kubler-Ross’ stages and process of grief work to the abuse crises.

Berry and Renner

Berry, J. (1992). Lead Us Not into Temptation: Catholic priests andthe sexual abuse of children. New York, NY: Doubleday.

Berry, J. and Renner, G. (2004). Vows of Silence: The abuse of power in the papacy of John Paul II. New York, NY: Free Press.

  • Berry and Renner are journalists who have covered aspects of the Roman Catholic sexual abuse scandals since 1985 (Lafayette, LA). In the second book, they look at issues of corrupted power in the papacy and the Vatican.

Boston Globe Investigative Staff

Boston Globe Investigative Staff. (2002). Betrayal: The crisis in the Catholic Church. Boston, MA: Little, Brown and Co

  • This book focuses on the Boston Diocese and the denouement of Cardinal Law’s defense of church secrecy in the Boston diocese in 2002.


Breslin, J. (2004). The Church that Forgot Christ, New York, NY: Free Press.

  • Breslin is a Roman Catholic investigative journalist who helped to cover the Boston diocese story during Cardinal Law’s reign – a reign which ended abruptly in 2002.


Bruni, F. (January 28, 2013). Catholicism’s Curse in The New York

Times Online Op/Ed page. Retrieve from

  • Bruni is an editorial columnist for the New York Times.


Chinicci, J. P. (2010). When Values Collide: The Catholic Church, sexual abuse and the challenges to leadership. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis.

  • Chinicci is a Franciscan brother and a historian. As the religious superior of the California Province of Santa Barbara he needed to guide his order through a process of dealing with accusations of sexual abuse made against one of the brothers in his order. His discussion of the rule of St. Francis as a guiding principle for reform provides insight into the theological underpinnings of the Franciscans.


Coyne, E. The Theology of Fear. Self-published, available from

  • Coyne is a retired diocesan Roman Catholic priest who examines the sexual abuse crisis from the vantage point of his life history as a working priest. In this book, he examines sacramental theology and what he calls a theology of fear as one root of the sexual abuse scandals in his church. If one begins to seek an understanding of a sociological, psychological, and theological root system of authority and obedience disorders, Coyne’s book provides a good sampling of problematic theological beliefs.


Cozzens, D. (2000). The Changing Face of the Priesthood. Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press.

Cozzens, D. (2002). Sacred Silence: Denial and crisis in the church,

Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press.

  • Cozzens is an ordained Roman Catholic priest, writer, and a former seminary rector.


Doyle, T. P. (January, 2006). Clericalism: Enabler of Clergy Sexual Abuse. Journal of Pastoral Psychology 54(3), 189-213.

Doyle, T. P. (August 27, 2010). Clergy Sexual Abuse in the Catholic

Church: Reflections [from] 1984 to 2010. Retrieve from

Doyle, T. P. (February 17, 2011). Excerpts from Reports on Sexual Abuse by Catholic Clergy. Retrieve from %2018%20repo

Doyle, T. P. (November 3, 2010). The Trial of John Michael Vai: Sworn Testimony of Thomas P. Doyle in Neuberger, T. S. When Priests Become Predators: Profiles of childhood sexual abuse survivors. Wilmington, DE, Thomas S. Neuberger, Publisher.

Doyle, T. P. (January, 2003). Roman Catholic Clericalism, Religious

Duress and Clergy Sexual Abuse. Journal of Pastoral Psychology 51 (3), 189-231.

Doyle, T. P. (May 11, 2012). A Radical Look at Today and Tomorrow. Conference Address (Santa Clara University),Sexual Abuse in the Catholic Church: A decade of crisis, 2002-2012. Retrieve from

Doyle, T. P. (2011). Sexual Abuse by Catholic Clergy: The Spiritual Damage in Plante, T. G. and McChesney, K. L. (Eds.). Sexual Abuse in the Catholic Church: A decade of crisis, Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger.

Doyle, T. P. (December 31, 2008 [2009]). The Spiritual Trauma Experienced by Victims of Catholic Clergy Abuse. Journal of Pastoral Psychology (58), 239-250.

Doyle, T. P. (July 13, 2008). The Survival of the Spirit While Mired in the Toxic Wastes of the Ecclesiastical Swamp. Retrieve from–08-11.html

Doyle, T. P. (2008). Thomas Doyle Affidavit in Jane Doe vs. OMI of Texas. Retrieve from

Doyle, T. P. (August 16. 2008). Thomas Doyle Reflects on His Regiment. Retrieve from

Doyle, T. P., McKiernan, T. and Sipe, A. W. R. (Forthcoming).

Caught in the Crosshairs: An Authoritative Guide to Roman

Catholic Clergy Sexual Abuse in the United States, 1984-2014.

  • Doyle, an ordained Dominican priest is the world’s leading expert on the 20th century sexual abuse crisis in the Roman Catholic Church. He has provided depositions and sworn testimony in multiple civil and criminal court cases. For additional articles by Doyle, see McKiernan is one of the people behind the webpage Sipe is an expert regarding priest celibacy violations.

Mouton, Doyle and Peterson Report

Mouton, F. R., Doyle, T. P., and Peterson, M. (1985). The Problem of Sexual Molestation by Roman Catholic Clergy: Meeting the problem in a comprehensive and responsible manner. Retrieve from

  • At the time of this report in 1985 Mouton was a civil lawyer who represented an accused priest in the Lafayette, LA diocese. Doyle was a canon lawyer on the staff of the Vatican embassy in Washington, DC and was assigned by his superiors to monitor the Lafayette trial for the Vatican. Peterson was a priest and a psychiatrist who treated accused priests.

Doyle, Sipe and Wall

Doyle, T., Sipe, A. W. R., and Wall, P. J. (2006). Sex, Priests and Secret Codes: The Catholic Church’s 2000-year paper trail of sexual abuse, Los Angeles, CA: Volt.

  • Doyle, a Dominican priest, is an expert legal consultant to victims and civil courts regarding church law. Sipe is a laicized former Benedictine monk and an expert on the sexual history and sexual theology of the Catholic Church. Wall is a laicized former Benedictine monk and a canon lawyer who consults with the law firm of Manley and Associates in Los Angeles.


Frawley-O’Dea, M. G. (June 14, 2002). The Experience of the Victim of Sexual Abuse; a reflection. Dallas, TX: an address to the American Hierarchy – Roman Catholic Church. Retrieve from:

Frawley-O’Dea, M. G. (2007). Perversion of Power: Sexual abuse in the Catholic Church. Vanderbilt University Press.

  • Frawley-O’Dea is a Roman Catholic Clinical Psychologist with analytic training. She has treated adult survivors of child sexual abuse.

Geary and Greer

Geary, B. and Greer, J. M. (Eds.). (2011). Kevin Mayhew, Ltd.

  • This edited collection contains 25 chapters by 18 authors. The book is divided into four sections: (1) Understanding; (20 Listening; (3) Responding; and (4) Educating and Preventing.


Gibney, A. (2012). Mea Maxima Culpa. An HBO Documentary.

  • Gibney, a documentary film maker tells the story of Rev. Lawrence C. Murphey and his abuse of deaf children in his care at a boarding school in Wisconsin.


Greeley, A. M. (1982). Cardinal Sins (a novel). New York. Bernard Geis.

Greeley, A. M. (2004). Priests: A calling in crisis. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Greeley, A. M. (2004). Priestly Sins, (a novel). New York: Forge Press.

  • Greeley is an ordained Roman Catholic priest. At the time these books were written he was a sociologist on the research and teaching faculties of the University of Chicago and the University of Arizona.


Gumbleton, T. (November 4, 2011). Church’s Leadership Has Strayed from Gospel. National Catholic Reporter Online Blog.

Retrieve from leadershiop-has-strayed-gospel

  • Gumbleton is the retired Roman Catholic bishop from Detroit.


Kennedy, E. C. (2001). The Unhealed Wound: The church, the priesthood, and the question of sexuality. New York, NY: St. Martin’s Press.

Kennedy, E. C. (February 8, 2013). Los Angeles’ Archbishop Gomez wins the Renault Shocked, Shocked Award. National Catholic Reporter Online. Retrieve from–archbishop-gomezwins-re

  • Kennedy is a Roman Catholic psychologist and inactive priest. He was one of the authors of the 1972 report to the USA House of Catholic Bishops which is included below.

Kennedy, E. and Heckler, V. (1972). The Catholic Priest in the United States: Psychological investigations. Washington DC. U.S. Catholic Conference of Bishops.

  • A report to the U.S. Conference House of Bishops regarding the spiritual formation and psychological maturity of American priests. This is an item on this bibliography which I have personally not read. It is included because it is so often referenced in later books and articles about the sexual abuse crisis.


Lobdell, W. (2009). Losing My Religion: How I lost my faith reporting on religion in America — and found unexpected peace. New York, NY: Harper/Collins.

  • Lobdell is a journalist who for many years covered the religion desk for the Los Angeles Times.


Mouton, R. (2012). In God’s House: A novel about one of the great scandals of our time. London, England: Head of Zeus, Ltd.

  • Mouton was a lawyer in 1985. He represented an accused priest in Lafayette, LA. This is his fictionalized account of that historical era in his life.


Neuberger, T. S. (2012). When Priests Become Predators: Profiles of childhood sexual abuse survivors. Wilmington, DE: Thomas S. Neuberger,

  • Neuberger is an attorney from the state of Delaware. For more than 8 years he led a team of lawyers who represented formerly abused children in more than 110 court room trials. The chapters include the testimony of expert witnesses as well as the testimony of victims. In his opening written commentary, Neuberger writes that o ne goal of the book is to accurately and exactly to republish the content of obscure, multi-faceted judicial proceedings which are necessary to better inform us about matters of political and judicial which the courts of Delaware have addressed. All these chapters are essentially fair and accurate verbatim reports of judicial trails hearings and other proceedings taken directly from court records. At this time the public has no other convenient means to access such material other than in book form since the media lacks the focus and the space for the task (Introduction, p. 3).

Philadelphia County Grand Jury, Pennsylvania, 2003 and 2011

Grand Jury Report (September17,2003). Court of Common Pleas, First Judicial District of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia County. Retrieve from

Grand Jury Report (January 21, 2011), Court of Common Pleas, First Judicial District of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia County. Retrieve from clergy/abuse.htm

  • These precedent setting Grand Jury investigations eventually resulted in a trial which led to the conviction of Monsignor Lynn for child endangerment in the summer of 2012. The first convicted Roman Catholic personnel administrator, he is currently (as of November, 2012) serving a sentence in jail.

Plante and McChesney

Plante, T. and and McChesney, K. (Eds.). (2011). Sexual Abuse in the Catholic Church: A decade of crisis, 2002-2012.

  • An edited collection of 19 essays by a wide variety of Roman Catholic experts vis-à-vis the current Roman Catholic sexual abuse and clericalism scandal. Plante is a professor of psychology at Santa Clara University, California where he directs the Spirituality and Health Institute. In 2002, McChesney was appointed executive director of the Office of Child and Youth Protection by the US Conference of Catholic Bishops.


Podles, L. J. (2008). Sacrilege: Sexual abuse in the Catholic Church. Baltimore, MD: Crossland.

  • Podles is a lay Roman Catholic and a former federal investigator


Roberts, T. (March 30, 2009). Bishops Were Warned of Abusive Priests. National Catholic Reporter Online. Retrieve from

  • Roberts is a staff journalist for the National Catholic Reporter


Robinson, G. (2007). Confronting Power and Sex in the Catholic Church. Mulgrave, Victoria, Australia. John Garrett Publishing.

  • Robinson is an Australian bishop and theologian whose theological writings are referred to by several North American experts.


Rossetti, S. J. (1996). A Tragic Grace: The Catholic Church and child sexual abuse. Collegeville, MN: The Liturgical Press.

Rossetti, S. J. (1995). The Impact of Child Sexual Abuse on Attitudes

Toward God and the Catholic Church (pp. 1469-1481).” Journal of Child Abuse and Neglect, (19).

Rosetti, S. J. (Ed). (1990) Slayer of the Soul: Child sexual abuse and the Catholic Church. Mystic, CT: Twenty Third Publications.

  • Rosetti is a Roman Catholic priest, clinical psychologist and administrator. He has served as the Chief Operating Officer of the Saint Luke Institute in Maryland (a treatment facility).


Schaeffer, M. D. (June 24, 2012). A Crisis in Church History: Abuse cases shake U. S. Catholicism (pp. A-17, A-25), The Philadelphia Inquirer 184 (94).

  • Schaeffer is a journalist who covered the trial of Monsignor Lynn in Philadelphia County, PA.


Sipe, A. W. R. (ud). Clerical Sex, Blackmail, and Sexual Abuse. Retrieve from

Sipe, A. W. R. (March 5, 2010). Code Words to Hide Sexual Abuse.

Retrieve from and learn/2010-03–5-code-words.htm

Sipe, A. W. R. (January 23, 2007). Loss of Faith and Clergy Sexual Abuse. Retrieve from and Learn/2007-01-23-loss-of-faith

Sipe, A. W. R. (October 15, 2011). Mother Church and the Rape of Her Children. Retrieve from

Sipe, A. W. R. (1996). Sex, Priests and Power: Anatomy of a crisis. New York, NY: Bruner/Mazel.

Sipe, A. W. R. (August 5, 2009). Unspeakable Damage: The Effects of Clergy Sexual Abuse. Retrieve from and learn/2009-11-15 unspeakabledamage.htm

  • Sipe, a laicized former Benedictine monk and priest, is an expert on the sexual theology and praxis of the American Roman Catholic Church. He is also a clinician who has worked with priests and former priests regarding therapeutic issues of sexuality. For additional resources, see


Steinfels, P. (2003). A People Adrift: The crisis in the Roman Catholic Church of America. New York, NY: Simon and Schuster.

  • Steinfels is a Roman Catholic journalist for the New York Times religion desk.


Wall, P. J. (January 30, 2008). The Crafty Perpetrators Remain.

Retrieve from http://patrickjwall/

Wall, P. J. (January 9, 2008). Ten Common Myths about the Sexual Abuse of Minors and Vulnerable Adults by Clerics. Retrieve from

  • Wall is laicized Benedictine monk and a canon lawyer. For additional articles by Wall, see


Weakland, R. G. (2009). A Pilgrim in a Pilgrim Church: Memoirs of a Catholic Archbishop, Grand /Rapids, MI: William B. Erdmans.

  • Weakland is a retired American archbishop. He has been accused of sexual misconduct and in this book he presents his side of the story.


Wills. G. ( 2000) Papal Sins: Structures of Deceit. London, UK: Darton Longman

_____ (2013). Why Priests: A failed tradition. New York, NY: Penguin.

  • Wills is a Roman Catholic historian, writer and critic.


Yallop, D. (2010). Beyond Belief: The Catholic Church and the child abuse scandal. London, UK: Constable Books

Yallop, D. (2007). The Power and the Glory: Inside the dark heart of John Paul ll’s Vatican. New York, NY: Carroll and Graf.

  • Yallop is a Roman Catholic investigative writer who covers the internal politics of the Vatican

Useful Supplementary Resources

These resources extend the conversations about the role of ideology in the maintenance of structural forms of social and cultural violence. They also discuss and describe authoritarianism. They are not, however, rooted in Roman Catholic theology and praxis.

Arendt, H. (1969b). On Violence. New York, NY: Harcourt, Brace and World.


Fiorenza, E. S. and Copeland, M. S. Violence against Women [a collection of essays], Maryknoll, NY: Concillium/Orbis.


Fortune, M. M. (1983). Sexual Violence: The unmentionable sin. New York, NY: Pilgrim Press.


Freyd, J. J. (1996). Betrayal Trauma: The legacy of forgetting childhood abuse. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.


Griffin, S. (1981). Pornography and Silence: Culture’s revenge against nature. New York, NY: Harper and Row.

_____(1979). Rape: The power of consciousness. San Francisco, CA: Harper and Row.


Kelman, H. C. and Hamilton, V. L. (1989). Crimes of Obedience, New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.


Kilbourne, J. Killing Us Softly 1979, Still Killing Us Softly, 1989, Killing Us Softly Three, 2001. For more information about these documentaries, visit http://www.jean/kilbourne/com/bio/html/


Krall, R. E. (1992). Christian Ideology, Rape and Women’s Post-rape Journeys (pp. 76-92) in Yoder, E.G. (Ed.). Occasional Papers # 16: Peace Theology and Violence against Women, Elkhart, IN: Institute of Mennonite Studies..

_____ (2012). The Elephant in God’s Living Room: Clergy sexual abuse and institutional clericalism: Volume One: Theoretical issues. Retrieve from

_____ (1990). Rape’s Power to Dismember Women’s Lives: Personal realities and cultural forms. Claremont, CA: Southern California School of Theology at Claremont Kramer, J. and Alstad, D. (1993). The Guru Papers: Masks of authoritarian power. Berkeley, CA: Frog Ltd.


Milgram, S. (1974). Obedience to Authority: An experimental view. New York, NY: Harper and Row.


Miller, A. (1983). For Your Own Good: Hidden cruelty in child-rearing and the roots of violence. New York, NY: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux

_____ (1984). Thou Shalt Not Be Aware: Society’s betrayal of the child. New York, NY: Meridian

Redekop, B. W. and Redekop, C. W. (2001). Power, Authority and the Anabaptist Tradition. Baltimore, MD: The John Hopkins University Press.

Redekop, C. W. (2001). Power in the Anabaptist Community (pp. 174-192) in Redekop, B. W. and Redekop, C. W. (Eds.). Power, Authority and the Anabaptist Tradition. Baltimore, MD: The John Hopkins University Press.


Russell, D. E. H. (1974). The Politics of Rape: The victim’s perspective. New York, NY: Stein and Day.

_____ (1982). Rape in Marriage. New York, NY: Collier/McMillan.

Shupe, A. (1995). In the Name of all that’s Holy: A theology of clergy malfeasance. Westport, CT: Yale University Press.

_____ (2008). Rogue Clerics: The social problem of clergy deviance. Brunswick, NJ: Transaction.

_____ , Ed. (1998). Wolves within the Fold: Religious leadership and abuses of power [a collection of essays]. Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.

Shupe, A., Stacey, W. A. and Darnell, S. E., Eds. (2000). Bad pastors: Clergy misconduct in America [a collection of essays]. New York, NY: New York University Press.

United States Attorney General’s Commission on Pornography (July,1986). Final Report. (July, 1986). Washington, DC: Office of the United States Attorney General.


Warshaw, R. (1988). I Never Called It Rape: The Ms Report on recognizing, fighting and surviving date and acquaintance rape. New York, NY: Harper and Row Publishers.


World Health Organization (2002a). World Report on Violence and Health. Geneva, Switzerland.

World Health Organization (2002b). Summary: World Report on Violence and Health. Geneva, Switzerland.


Zimbardo, P. G. (2008). The Lucifer Effect: Understanding how good people turn evil. New York, NY: Random House Trade Paperbacks.



iThe first comprehensive governmental study of the noxious effects of pornography on the social welfare of the general society was published by the United States Attorney General’s Commission on Pornography (July, 1986). Final Report. (July, 1986). Washington, C: Office of the United States Attorney General.

iiIn 2002, the World Health Association (WHO) published its first comprehensive examination of violence as a world health problem. In the introductory comments to that report, WHO editors discussed the role of ideology in maintaining a wide variety of violence forms and manifestations. See (1) World Health Organization (2002a). Summary: World Report on Violence and Health. Geneva, Switzerland and (2) World Health Organization (2002b). World Report on Violence and Health. Geneva, Switzerland.

iiiSee Griffin, S. (1981). Pornography and Silence: Culture’s revenge against nature. New York, NY: Harper and Row; and (1979). Rape: The Power of Consciousness. San Francisco, CA: Harper and Row for her discussion of pornography as ideology; see also Kilbourne, J. Killing Us Softly 1979,, Still Killing Us Softly, 1989,Killing Us Softly Three,2001. Retrieved from: http://www.jean/kilbourne/com/bio/html/. This series of documentaries describes and illustrates the pornographic imagination in contemporary advertising.

ivKelman, H. C. and Hamilton, V. L. (1989). Crimes of Obedience, New Haven, CT: Yale University Press; Milgram, S. (1974). Obedience to Authority: An Experimental View. New York, NY: Harper and Row; Zimbardo, P. G. (2008). The Lucifer Effect: Understanding how good people turn evil. New York, NY: Random House Trade Paperbacks: These three books explore sociological and psychological ideologies of power, absolute control, and violation.

v For a much more comprehensive listing of resources see The Rev. Dr. Thomas Doyle’s bibliography on As new research and current information is published, Father Doyle updates his bibliography. It provides an extraordinary compilation of resources to scholars and ordinary readers alike.

viI ordered this book from The publishing address is given as Two East Seventh Street, Suite 302, Wilmington, DE 19801. The author provides the following web address for his readers:

Resource Bibliography compiled by Ruth E. Krall, Ph.D.

for (Enduring Space), © January, 2013

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